Introduction To Buddhism
Buddhism is the name of spiritual and devotional development for inner enlightenment leads to the true meaning of nature. Buddhism faith was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, almost 2500 years ago in India. Gautama was born into a royal family as a prince in India, now Nepal. Gautama was fed up of his royal life. He left his hometown to search for understanding and enlightenment. He wandered in search of the answer to his queries about these human sufferings’ sufferings and causes. Later on, Gautama had a firm conviction that cessation or ending of sufferings lay at the edge of all existence. He preached the concept of the Middle way, or Eightfold Path means co-existence between two extremes.
Beliefs Of Buddhists
One of the prominent belief of Buddhism is about reincarnation.
It’s a common belief coexist in Hinduism and Buddhism. Reincarnation is a belief that people are reborn after dying. Buddhists simply known as those who worship Buda do not in anyway believe in a God. Their faith is that nothing is fixed and permanent, and there is only one constant in the universe, which is change.
Another Amazing beliefs of Buddhists is karma.
Karma means one’s present and previous existences will decide the destiny of future existence.
Believes of Buddhism
Following are some key believes of Buddhism:
Buddhists do not believe in supreme god. Instead, they believe in meditation and inner enlightenment.
Buddha is appraised as an extraordinary man but not god. The term Buddha means enlightened one.
Buddhism is not a religion but a code of conduct for livings and spiritual traditions.
Buddhism leads to self-denial, and there is no term exists ego.
Buddhism preaches the law of cause-and-effect and the cycle of rebirth.
Buddhist monks live a moral life by practicing the string code of conduct.
Buddhist’s sets of beliefs are represented by different symbols like the lotus flower, the Bodhi tree, or eight-spoked dharma wheel.
Teachings of Buddha
The fundamental convictions of Buddhism encompass around three universal truths and 4 Noble truths. Buddha preached out these truths for 45 years to his followers.
Three Universal Truths
Everything coexists with life in temporary and is always changing. (Annica)
Continuous transition in life leads to suffering and hardships. (Dukkha)
Nothing is eternal, and there is no self means ego in humans. Self is just a collection of changing attributes. (Anatta)
Four Noble Truths
Buddha taught four Noble Truths about the existence of humanity in the world.
The truth about existence means
suffering. Human life is full of discomfort. (Dukkha)
The truth about the origin of woes. Greed, attachments, and craving cause suffering and miseries for a human being. (Samudaya)
The truth about the cessation or ending to sufferings. Detach and liberate from cravings and attachments is the eternal end to human woes. (Nirodha)
The fact about the pathway leads to death or ending to woes. Buddha discovered a set of principles for the future of human sufferings known as Eightfold Path (Magga).
Buddha taught Noble Eightfold Path, the way to liberation from samsara, the rebirth cycle full of suffering. Eightfold Path in the new part of Buddha’s fourth noble truth; the pathway leads to the end of woes.
Right interpretation and understanding
Right determination and intention
right speech and address
right action and measures
right livelihood and means of nourishment
right effort and endeavor
right mindfulness and attentiveness
right concentration and focused attention
The core and fundamental guidelines and moral values of Buddha’s teachings are Five Percepts or Dharma. Buddha taught his followers about insight, goodwill, tolerance, and sympathy. More or less, all types of Buddhists around the globe follow these instructions of Buddha.
Following are the guidelines for daily life as per Buddhism:
Killing or harm to living things is prohibited.
Taking the things which are not freely given unless permission is prohibited.
Misuse of sex, sexual harassment, and exploitation, bisexuality is prohibited.
Telling a lie or lying is prohibited.
The use or consumption of alcohol, drugs, and intoxicants is prohibited.
Types of Buddhism
Mainly three types of Buddhism exist around the globe.
They mainly focus on spirituality and enlightenment. Mostly prevalent in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, and Burma.
They mainly focus on heaven and hell and features of nirvana (state of selflessness). Mostly prevalent in China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, and Vietnam
They mainly focus on rebirth and reincarnation: mostly prevalent Tibet, Nepal, Mongolia, Bhutan, and some parts of Russia and northern India.
Holy books and festivals
Following are the writings of Buddha:
These books or texts are known as three baskets; these are supposed to be the earliest collection of Buddhism. These texts were written leaves and sewn together.
These texts are considered as verbal teachings of Buddha. There are plenty of Sutras, sacred texts.
The Book of the Dead
This book is about detailed stages of death.
Buddhists celebrate a festival; named Vesak, the celebration of Buddha’s birth, insight, and death. Buddhists also celebrate Uposatha, to update and refresh the holy teachings of Buddha at every quarter of the moon.
Buddha always taught his followers not to regard him as a god. He preached that there is no god; everyone has to take responsibility for their lives and actions. Buddha’s teachings are preserved as Agamas or Nikayas, the pathway to the liberation from sufferings. Buddha’s teachings’ ultimate objective was to get rid of sorrows and get a healthy and joyful life. As there is a concept of worshiping god in Buddhism, so some schools of thought do not consider it a religion. The basic teachings and principles of Buddhism are practical and straightforward. There are reasons to sufferings; nothing is permanent; actions depict consequences, and a pathway to hell. Buddha discovered universal and noble truths about co-existence of life and matter in the world. He found the middle way to end the sufferings of a human being. Buddha recommends a code of conduct for a healthy and joyful life.